Phillips, Roy Introduce Bipartisan Fix to Small Business Loan Programs

May 11, 2020
Press Release

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Today, Rep. Dean Phillips (D-MN) and Rep. Chip Roy (R-TX) announced the introduction of the bipartisan Paycheck Protection Flexibility Act, which will make urgently needed changes to the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), a vital initiative for small businesses struggling in the wake of the coronavirus epidemic.

Rep. Dean Phillips:

“We must redesign the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) to make it accessible to everyone, from food trucks, to four-star restaurants, to your favorite music venue. While the PPP has helped millions of small businesses keep their lights on, millions more remain on the outside looking in. It won’t matter how much money we appropriate if the system by which it’s distributed is inaccessible to those who need it the most. As an entrepreneur and small business owner myself, I understand the challenges facing businesses struggling to survive this crisis. These common-sense solutions will provide the flexibility necessary to weather the storm and prepare for uncertain times ahead. I am pleased to work with Congressman Roy on a bipartisan solution supporting small businesses; the backbone of the U.S. economy.”

Rep. Chip Roy:

“The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) is providing essential capital to millions of small businesses across the country. Unfortunately, for many of these business owners, particularly local restaurants, hotels, and those in the hospitality industry, the terms are too inflexible to provide the help they need to weather the economic storm. PPP cannot protect jobs if workers have no job to return to after state and local lockdowns are lifted. After listening to business owners, I will be introducing the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act to provide essential flexibility to PPP loans. Time is of the essence.  Many businesses are already four weeks into the loan and need this flexibility immediately before the forgiveness timeline runs out.  I look forward to continue working with my colleagues on both sides of the aisle to enact these simple but critical reforms in order to save small businesses.”

The legislation will:

  1. Allow forgiveness for expenses beyond the 8-week covered period.  The 8-week timeline does not work for local businesses that are prohibited from opening their doors, or those that will only be allowed to open with restrictions.  Businesses need the flexibility to spread the loan proceeds over the full course of the crisis until demand returns. Otherwise, employees will simply be furloughed at the expiration of the 8 weeks. We want employers to be able to keep their employees on the payroll, not furlough them without pay or terminate them entirely. 
  2. Eliminate restrictions limiting non-payroll expenses to 25% of loan proceeds.  In order to survive, businesses must pay fixed costs. The PPP loans require that 75% of the loan go to payroll. For many businesses, payroll simply does not represent 75% of their monthly expenses and 25% does not leave enough to cover mortgage, rent, and utilities.  Retaining employees is not possible if a business cannot retain their physical location
  3. Eliminate restrictions that limit loan terms to 2 years.  According to the American Hotel and Lodging Association, full recovery for that industry following both the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the 2008 recession took more than two full years. This is the same for many other industries. If the past is any indication of the future, it will take many businesses more than two years to achieve sufficient revenue to pay back the loan.
  4. Ensure full access to payroll tax deferment for businesses that take PPP loans.  The purpose of PPP and the payroll tax deferment was to provide businesses with capital to weather the crisis.  Receiving both should not be considered double-dipping.  Businesses need access to both sources of cash flow to survive.
  5. Extend the rehiring deadline to offset the effect of enhanced Unemployment Insurance.  To receive loan forgiveness under PPP, a business must rehire employees by a deadline of June 30, 2020.  However, the enhanced Unemployment Insurance created through the CARES Act is higher than the median wage in 44 states.  Many businesses have reported an inability to rehire employees because they are making more on Unemployment than they made working.  To mitigate this unintended consequence, the deadline to rehire employees under PPP should be extended to align with the expiration of enhanced Unemployment Insurance.

The Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act is supported by the following organizations: 

  • U.S. Chamber of Commerce
  • International Franchise Association (IFA)
  • American Hotel and Lodging Association
  • Independent Restaurant Coalition
  • NFIB
  • National Restaurant Association
  • US Travel Association
  • Small Business Majority
  • U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce
  • National Small Business Association
  • National Association for the Self-Employed
  • Small Business and Entrepreneurship Council
  • Economic Innovation Group
  • Medical Group Management Association (MGMA)
  • Small Business Roundtable
  • National Newspaper Association 
  • National Association of Women Business Owners
  • National Association of Manufacturers
  • National Independent Automobile Dealers Association
  • National Association of Wholesaler-Distributors
  • National Association of Federally Insured Credit Unions
  • Associated General Contractors of America

The Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act has broad bipartisan support and is co-sponsored by Reps. Tom Emmer, Fred Upton, Brian Fitzpatrick, Andy Harris, Angie Craig, John Curtis, Josh Gottheimer, Anthony Gonzalez, Mikie Sherrill, Anthony Brindisi, Jackie Walorski, Peter King, Van Taylor, Vincente Gonzalez, Kathleen Rice, David P. Joyce, Brad Wenstrup, Troy Balderson, Peter Welch, Eric Swalwell, Bill Pascrell, Cindy Axne, Henry Cuellar, Max Rose, Jahana Hayes, Kurt Schrader, Ben McAdams, John Joyce, Jack Bergman, Doug LaMalfa, Elaine Luria, Jaime Herrera Beutler, Elissa Slotkin, Dan Kildee, and Joe Courtney.

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